Nanotechnology is a science, and engineering conducted at the nanoscale, which is about 100 nanometers. Nanotechnology and Nanoscience are the study and application of incredibly tiny particles and can be applied to all the other science disciplines, such as biology, chemistry, material science, physics, and engineering. It is a technology that involves the ability to see and to control single atoms and molecules.
The ideas and theory behind nanotechnology began from a review by a physicist in a meeting, long before the term nanotechnology was introduced. He explained a methodology in which experts would be able to control and manipulate single atoms. Later, in 1981, the name was introduced. Nonetheless, while you might think you know the technology to some extent, there are several things you probably aren’t aware of.
7 Things You Didn’t Know about Nanotechnology:
- Nanotech has been around for centuries. For instance, the colors in the old Churches’ stained-glass windows resulted from nanocrystals formed from the heating and cooling of glass.
- Research done by different scientists found out that nanoparticles can penetrate into the bloodstream, cells, and even get past the brain barrier. It has also linked such particles to lung diseases and brain damage to some extent.
- NanoArt: The development of nanotechnology has gained a great deal of admiration from the scientists hence broadening the research to other fields like medicine. Nanoart is an emerging portrait art field that enables us to view the small properties under a microscope from an entirely new perspective.
- Computer Storage: Recently, computers have grown potentially in both storage capacity and processing speed. This phenomenon has created a lot of interest with many scientists striving to develop storage devices that mimic the human brain.
- High-Resolution Displays: Images are presented on screens via tiny dots called pixels. However, the number of pixels determines the quality of the image. While initially more pixels translate to larger images, today they anticipate a high resolution.
- Molecular Communication: Electromagnetic waves transmit the signal responsible for telecommunication globally. However, researchers have developed a communication system in which messages are encoded in volatilized alcohol molecules. They demonstrated the technique by the use of alcohol as a signaling chemical.
- Sophisticated Drug Delivery: Modern medications for diseases like cancer are often being discovered. Fortunately, instead of spending money on therapy programs and drugs, researchers believe that we can direct our bodies to produce them by themselves. With help from the immune system, nano-sized capsules injected into the cells of a patient can be modified to receive new genetic information that allows them to make their own medicine. However, this new method has not been examined yet.
Besides, everything on Earth is made up of atoms. From the foods, we consume, the clothes we wear, the houses we live in, and up to even our bodies. However, it is impossible to see these nanoscale molecules with the naked eye. In fact, it’s also not possible to see them with the standard microscopes used in a high school science classes.